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Who Owns Kenya: The Silent Billionaires Behind Kenya’s Economic Growth


In Kenya’s world of billionaires, there’s a unique set who don’t follow the usual flashy image. These are the silent billionaires of Kenya, quietly building wealth in real estate, finance, and telecommunications, and making a big impact on the country’s economy.


Despite their riches, they avoid the spotlight and fame that others seek, staying away from media and public attention. Instead of extravagant lifestyles, they keep things low-key, not showing off their wealth on social media.

In this Second Episode of WHO OWNS KENYA, I am taking you to have a closer look at these private, influential figures and their role in driving Kenya’s economic growth.

Read also: Who Owns Kenya: The Billionaire Who Never Had a Phone

Dr James Mwangi (Ksh 25B)

In a world where high-profile billionaires often dominate headlines, James Mwangi stands out as a humble force of transformation. The Managing Director of Equity Bank, Mwangi’s unassuming demeanour belies his extraordinary impact on African banking.

In 2021, Dr. James Mwangi was named among 50 most reputable bank executives in Africa [Photo/Courtesy]
In 2021, Dr James Mwangi was named among the 50 most reputable bank executives in Africa [Photo/Courtesy]

From a modest upbringing in a Kenyan village, he overcame early challenges, driven by his mother’s unwavering commitment to education.

According to reports on Business Today and African Business, Mwangi’s silent billionaire status finds its foundation in his holdings of 3.4% in Equity Group Holdings Plc, amounting to a recent market value of approximately Ksh 7.14 billion.

Equity Group Holdings Plc
Group CEO & Non-Independent Executive Director2014
Kenya Vision 2030Chairman
Equity Bank (Kenya) Ltd.Executive Director
Britam Life Assurance Company ( Kenya) Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Equity Bank Uganda Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Equity Bank Rwanda Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Equity Bank Tanzania Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Equity Bank Southern Sudan Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Finserve Africa Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Equity Bank Congo SANon-Executive Director
Meru University of Science & TechnologyChancellor
Current positions of James Njuguna Mwangi

Mwangi’s stake in Equity also earns him a pretty penny in dividends, particularly with the continued strong performance of Tier 1 banks in Kenya in recent years with Equity at the front of the pack.

Besides telco Safaricom, banks have continued to represent some of the busiest trading counters at the bourse.

Valuation in USD
Equity Group Holdings Plc (EQTY)

Britam Holdings Plc (BRIT)
(Multiline Insurance & Brokers)
Holdings of James Njuguna Mwangi (Source: African Business)

Mwangi owns other assets, including stocks in companies such as insurance giant Britam and real estate including a 3-acre piece of land in Muthaiga worth over Ksh 600 million.

Read also: Who Owns Kenya: The Billionaire Who Never had a Phone

Vimal Shah (Ksh 231B)

Vimal Shah is a remarkable billionaire who quietly achieves great things. He’s the CEO of Bidco Africa, a big company in Kenya that makes things people use every day.

Instead of seeking attention, he focuses on making his business better. He has turned Bidco Africa into a powerful force that creates jobs for Kenyans and sells products to other African countries.

Vimal Shah, CEO of Bidco Oil Refinery. Along with his younger brother and father, he is ranked 18th on Forbes Africa list with a net worth of Sh137.6bn.[Photo/Forbes]
Vimal Shah, CEO of Bidco Oil Refinery. Along with his younger brother and father, he is ranked 18th on Forbes Africa list with a net worth of Sh137.6bn.[Photo/Forbes]

This company is the largest maker of edible oils in East and Central Africa. They also make soaps, detergents, canola oil, and more. It’s impressive that Bidco has almost half of the market for edible oils in Kenya.

The story of Bidco began in 1985 when Vimal Shah, his dad, and his younger brother started making soap. In 2002, they bought a big part of Unilever’s edible oil business, which was a big step. Now, their hard work brings in more than $500 million every year, and their products are sold in 14 African countries.

Vimal Shah chairs Bidco Africa.[photo/Bidco Africa Ltd]
Vimal Shah chairs Bidco Africa.[photo/Bidco Africa Ltd]

Vimal Shah is 61 years old and has many important roles, like being in charge of the East African Business Council. His dedication comes from his family. His dad, Bhimji Depar Shah, started Bidco Africa.

Forbes magazine says that Bidco controls almost half of Kenya’s edible oils market and earns over $500 million every year. But Vimal Shah is not just numbers—he represents the company that makes cooking oil, soap, baking things, and more.

In a world where loud personalities get attention, Vimal Shah is a quiet hero, making big changes from behind the scenes.

Read also: Who Owns Kenya: The Billionaire Who Never had a Phone

Pius Ngugi (Ksh 21B)

African business tycoon, Pius Ngugi stands as a discreet force, orchestrating a remarkable success story across various sectors.

With an illustrious career spanning decades, Ngugi has achieved staggering feats while maintaining a private lifestyle

Ngugi was once quoted saying, "The developed countries should open their market to African countries and let us compete on merit. Let there be a level playing field and instead of giving us aid, let's do business together." [Photo/Courtesy]
Ngugi was once quoted saying, “The developed countries should open their market to African countries and let us compete on merit. Let there be a level playing field and instead of giving us aid, let’s do business together.” [Photo/Courtesy]

Ngugi’s ascent to billionaire status is underscored by his diversified business interests. As the owner of Kenya Nut Company, he oversees the export of macadamia and cashew nuts, a venture that contributes to Kenya’s international trade.

His Thika Coffee Mills produces and exports special green coffee beans, showcasing his influence in the coffee industry. His investments in the insurance sector, including shares in Kenya Alliance Insurance, have further solidified his financial standing.

Workers at the Kenya Nut Company.[Photo/Proparco]
Workers at the Kenya Nut Company.[Photo/Proparco]

Born on March 8, 1944, in Kiambu, Ngugi’s business acumen has propelled him to great heights. With a wealth of over Ksh 6.8 billion in assets and Ksh 700 million in paid-up capital, Kenya Alliance Insurance stands as a testament to his strategic investments. His business portfolio extends to Amazon Motors, sweet manufacturing, dairy farming, and winery.

Pius Ngugi’s legacy transcends his financial accomplishments. He has not only played a significant role in Kenya’s economic growth through his businesses but has also contributed to employment generation and international trade expansion.

His investments have propelled him to become one of Kenya’s wealthiest individuals, consolidating his position as a business icon and a discreet yet influential figure.

Read also: Who Owns Kenya: The Billionaire Who Never had a Phone

Mike Maina Kamau (Ksh 19B)

Mike Maina exemplifies the idea of a reclusive billionaire. He founded CMC Holdings and owns the famous Marble Arch Hotel. Despite his impressive achievements in construction and hospitality, he prefers to stay out of the public eye, which makes us wonder why.

There could be different reasons for choosing silence when you’re wealthy. For people like Mike Maina, privacy becomes really important since it’s not something everyone can afford.


Mike Maina’s success story revolves around creating CMC Holdings, a big player in construction that has significantly impacted Kenya’s skyline. By establishing CMC Holdings, Maina established himself as a key player in Kenya’s business scene.

One of his major ventures is the Marble Arch Hotel, situated in Nairobi’s Central Business District. This three-star hotel offers quality at an affordable price. Its beautiful architecture and welcoming atmosphere attract a diverse range of guests, from the middle class to tourists.

Maina doesn’t seek the public’s attention. He prefers to communicate through written messages delivered by messengers, which is similar to other famous private individuals. He rarely gives interviews or appears in public, showing his commitment to maintaining a private life.

Mike Maina Kamau's Marble Arch Hotel [Photo/Courtesy]
Mike Maina Kamau’s Marble Arch Hotel [Photo/Courtesy]

Mike Maina represents Kenya’s unobtrusive billionaires, who gather significant wealth while avoiding the spotlight. Their reasons might include cultural values, privacy concerns, or a wish to avoid corruption.

These individuals let their accomplishments speak for themselves. Maina’s successes in construction and hospitality show that quiet achievement can be just as impactful as showier success, and it leaves a long-lasting influence on Kenya’s economy and society.

Read also: Who Owns Kenya: The Billionaire Who Never had a Phone

Peter Munga (Ksh 40B)

Peter Kahara Munga is a notable entrepreneur in Kenya, a leading economy in East Africa. He recently stepped down as the Group Chair of Equity Bank Group, which is the largest bank holding company in Africa by customer numbers, serving over 9.2 million customers as of 31 June 2014.

Munga is considered one of the wealthiest individuals in Kenya, with a personal net worth exceeding Ksh 40 billion

Peter Munga is a founding shareholder of Equity Bank and one of Kenya's renowned tycoons. [Photo/ File]
Peter Munga is a founding shareholder of Equity Bank and one of Kenya’s renowned tycoons. [Photo/ File]

In 1984, Munga founded the Equity Building Society (EBS) in his hometown of Kangema with around KSh 5,000 (about $100 at that time) as starting capital.

He persuaded the Kenyan government to grant him a license. In 1993, Munga, as chairman, hired James Mwangi to turn around the insolvent EBS. Under Mwangi’s financial direction, society slowly started recovering.

In 2004, EBS transformed into Equity Bank Group, listing on the Nairobi Stock Exchange in 2006 and the Uganda Securities Exchange in 2009.

 Britam Holdings Plc
(Multiline Insurance & Brokers)
Non-Executive Director
 HF Group Plc
Non-Independent Non-Executive Director
Kenya Animal Genetic Resource CentreChairman
Equity Building Society Ltd.Chairman
Freshco International Ltd.Chairman
Housing Finance FoundationChairman
Muranga Water & Sewerage Co.Chairman
Pioneer Group of SchoolsChairman
Britam Properties (Kenya) LtdDirector
HF Development & Investment Ltd.Non-Independent Non-Executive Director
Britam Asset Managers Kenya Ltd.Director
Freshco Seeds Ltd.Director
Britam Insurance Tanzania Ltd.Director
Micro Enterprises Support Programme TrustChairman
Equatorial Nut Processors Ltd.Chairman
Britam Life Assurance Company ( Kenya) Ltd.Non-Executive Director
Pioneer International UniversityChancellor
positions of Peter Kahara Munga (Source: Market screener)

During his 35 years of leadership, Munga guided Equity Bank’s remarkable journey from a small building society to a prominent financial services provider across East Africa.

Under his stewardship, the bank achieved numerous awards and accolades for its innovative approach. Munga retired in 2019 at the age of 75, and Mr David Ansell succeeded him as Chairman Designate.

RankInvestmentPercentage ShareholdingEstimated Value (US$)
1British-American Investments Company Held through Equity Holdings Limited11.965 million.
2British-American Investments Company Held directly3.8621 million
3British-American Investments Company Held through Filimbi Limited1.669 million
4Equity Bank Group0.423.0
Peter Kahara Munga’s Investment Portfolio [Source: Wikipedia]

Munga’s legacy is not only in his significant impact on Equity Bank but also in his role in transforming Kenya’s financial landscape. Under his guidance, the bank advanced from a rural building society to a market leader with a vast customer base and a strong presence in multiple countries.

Humphrey Kariuki (Ksh 26B)

Humphrey Kariuki is a well-known Kenyan billionaire and one of the richest individuals in East Africa.

Starting his journey as a clerical staff at the Central Bank of Kenya in the late 1970s, Kariuki embarked on a remarkable path that led him to establish a billion-dollar conglomerate known as the Janus Continental Group.

This conglomerate has diverse interests in power generation, petroleum distribution, engineering, construction, real estate, hotels, and beverages.

Businessman Humphrey Kariuki Ndegwa at Milimani Law Courts on Thursday, September 05, 2019 during the mention of tax evasion case against him. The matter will be mentioned on September 26, 2019, to confirm compliance and fix hearing dates. [PHOTO/COURTESY]
Businessman Humphrey Kariuki Ndegwa at Milimani Law Courts on Thursday, September 05, 2019, during the mention of a tax evasion case against him. The matter will be mentioned on September 26, 2019, to confirm compliance and fix hearing dates. [PHOTO/COURTESY]

The Kenyan businessman is known for his love of luxurious properties, and he owns several high-end properties in Kenya, including a stunning mansion in Nairobi’s prestigious Kitisuru neighbourhood.

The mansion boasts six bedrooms, a large swimming pool, and a spacious garden, and is considered one of the most luxurious properties in Nairobi. 

In addition to his Nairobi mansion, Kariuki also owns several properties in prime locations across Kenya, including beachfront properties in Mombasa and large estates in the rural areas.

Kariuki’s business empire is vast and covers several industries, including energy, hospitality, real estate development, and more. Some of his businesses include Dalbit Petroleum, Great Lake Africa Energy, The Hub, and Africa Spirits.

GL Africa EnergyThis UK-registered Independent Power Producer (IPP) operates solar and thermal power plants in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia. A notable project is a 105MW power plant in Ndola, Zambia, under Ndola Energy Company Limited (NECL), with a power purchase agreement with Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation (ZESCO).
Dalbit PetroleumFounded in 2002, Dalbit is a major supplier and distributor of petroleum products across East, Central, and Southern Africa. It deals in various fuels, including Jet A1, Diesel, Petrol, Kerosene, Heavy Fuel Oil, and Lubricants. The company also trades and supplies fuel to governments and oil companies.
BSL InfrastructureThis engineering, procurement, and construction company focuses on constructing fuel storage depots, energy, and related infrastructure in Eastern, Southern, and Central Africa. It has been involved in critical projects such as refurbishing Zambia’s Indeni Refinery.
Africa Spirits LimitedEstablished in 2004, this Kenyan alcoholic beverages manufacturer produces Vodka, Brandy, and Gin. Its products are popular in the Great Lakes and East Africa markets.
Fairmont Mount Kenya Safari ClubAcquired from Kingdom Hotel Investments (KHI) in 2015, this 5-star luxury hotel in Nanyuki offers breathtaking views of Mount Kenya. The hotel is renowned for its history and location within the Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy.
The Hub KarenOpened in 2016, The Hub Karen is a premier open-air shopping mall in Nairobi’s Karen suburb. With a variety of stores, restaurants, and even a zip-line adventure space, it has become a popular retail destination.
90 JGOThis green space commercial office building in Nairobi offers Grade-A offices for both local and multinational corporations. With 67,000 sq ft of space spread across four stories, it provides a modern work environment.
Here are seven significant assets owned by Kariuki that have contributed to his billionaire status

Humphrey Kariuki’s journey from his early days at the Central Bank to becoming a tycoon with vast business interests showcases his entrepreneurial spirit and business acumen.

His ventures have not only contributed to his wealth but have also made a significant impact on various sectors in East Africa, ranging from energy to hospitality and retail.

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